The U.S. BRAIN Initiative Boldly Begins
Beginning to answer such questions is the grand, daunting ambition of the Brain Research Through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies program, better known as the BRAIN Initiative . U.S. president Barack Obama formally announced the federal project in April 2013 with a US $110 million first-year budget that will be parceled out to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the National Science Foundation (NSF), and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). Four private institutions—the Kavli Foundation, Allen Institute for Brain Science, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and Salk Institute for Biological Studies—have also committed a total of $122 million of their own money to BRAIN work in 2014. Over the next year, the BRAIN Initiative should coalesce into one of the century’s defining scientific projects.